Caffeine is psychoactive (mind altering) drug. People use caffeinated drinks due to its taste, power up through long nights, enhance mood or to improve endurance. It may present in everyday food and beverages such as, chocolate, cocoa, coffee, tea, soft drinks and energy drinks. Caffeine is a brain stimulant, activates the parts of central nervous system as well. The intake has the both positive and negative effects. It can act analgesics (relieve pain), increase focus, alertness and attention. Caffeine intake increases in stress, depression and anxiety. The state becomes even worse when individuals become addictive to the intake. In the battle to stop the addiction, one may feel headache, irritability, decrease alertness and fatigue.
Consumption in high quantity may lead to insomnia, muscle tremors and cognitive health. Caffeinated drinks have the potential to disturb sleep clock when taken before bedtime.
The risk it may pose to heart health is still under studies. The intake in moderation did not affect heart health and harmful.
Caffeinated products may make your bones brittle. It is due to the fact, phosphoric acid in colas and coffee leaches the calcium and lessens the bone density.
It can increase your blood pressure, heart rate which may pose risk in pregnancy. Moreover, premature labor, birth defects, preterm delivery are the symptoms observed in animal studies.
Caffeine use in adolescent
Children are sensitive to caffeine amount because of their developing central nervous system. The negative effects might occur with the intake of caffeine above threshold.
Effects vary in individuals
However, caffeine metabolism is slow in individuals with liver disease and infants which may increase intoxication. It is an anxiogenic compound in individual with anxiety.
Everything in moderation is the key. Cutting back the consumption is easy and should be slowly. Keep track of the amount intake and replace with non caffeinated drinks or teas.